Free slot games free roulette technique"> roulette electronique"> video poker gratis sin descargar">online poker voor geld">juegos poker texas"> roulette jeu gratuit">roulette barriere">
gagner roulette">

Free slot games freeThese cards are supposed to be kept secret from other players because it really helps make decisions if you see your own cards in other players hands you are likely to fold.

Top 10 US Poker SitesWine Glass Lampshade Craft. Dot-Painted Personalized Wine Glasses Craft. Wine Glass Planter Craft. Become an AGA Premium Member. Health. Family.

Three of a kind Three cards of the same rank, and two unrelated side cards. Highest ranking three of a kind breaks a tie. Two pair Two matched-rank cards, two different matched-rank cards, and one side card. Highest pair breaks a tie. The second pair or side card will break a tie if certain cards are identical. One pair Two matched-rank cards, and three unrelated side cards. Highest free slot games free breaks a tie. The player with the first superior side card will break a tie if pairs are identical.roulette europeenne en ligne.

Free slot games free

  • 1. free slot games free
    juegos poker gratis sin descargar
    roulette live en lignecasino gratis tragamonedas methode pour gagner a la roulette texas hold em spelen
    • jugar poker texas holdem online gratis espanol

      While certain types of play may suit certain types of people there are a number of key factors which form the fundamentals of poker that simply cant be deviated are rules of poker that all poker players have to adhere to. One of the most important aspects of poker is your position.
    • The Classic Unit has has a trackball, spinner, and 2 main joysticks.

      97.11%
    roulette jeu flash" class="play">online poker spelen gratis free slot games free
    • Join Amway Become an Amway "Independent Business Owner" and hawk beauty, health and home-care products to earn proceeds from the markup the suggested retail price results in about a 29 percent profit.
    • game slots play fun free
    • It eventually purchased the building last year, and the exterior still lacks any corporate branding.
    • He founded PYR, assembled a team of programmers some from IBM and recruited people who knew more about poker than he did. In late 2000, he sent an e-mail out of the blue to Terrence Chan, then a student at Simon Fraser University.

    Devices

    Deposit Options

  • comment gagner souvent rouletteHow to Play Strip Poker.

    pokerspelletjeroulette electronique truque poker dome astuce roulette
  • 2. about neteller">Ignition Poker
    casino gratis roulette
    Free slot games free100% upto $1000
    • 31 No Deposit Bonus 500 in Free Spins. Join and immediate receive a 31 No Deposit Bonus and 500 in Free Spins with deposits sent to your inbox. Our Membership is completely free.

      roulette wheel picture
    • video roulette

      97.11%
    juego texas roulette wheel picture
    • jeu de roulette gratuit en francais Low ante games Ante, one unit; bring-in, two units, complete, 10 units.
    • roulette techniques
    • poker texas online gratis
    • comment jouer a la roulette

    Devices

    Free slot games free

  • 3. Americas Cardroom
    Free slot games free
    Free slot games freefree slot games free free slot games free $1000
    • Payout Speed

      1-3 days
    • Payout Rate

      97.11%
    Play Read Review
    • comment gagner a la roulette

    Devices

    telecharger roulette casino gratuit

4.
Bonus
200% upto $1000 Welcome Bonus
36%
Rakeback
5.
Bonus
100% upto $1000 Welcome Bonus
$250
$250 New Depositors Freeroll
6.
Bonus
200% upto $2500
+$250,000
in Guaranteed Tournaments
7.
Bonus
100% upto $1000 Signup Bonus
$250
New Depositors Freeroll

View (5) more Poker Rooms

US Poker News

  • croupier casino"> Pennsylvania’s Latest Online Gaming Bill Clears Two Senate Votes
    gratis pokeren zonder geldFull Tilt Poker, based in Ireland, remained, and became the second-largest company after PokerStars.

    92 MGELO. 08 Mar 15 1949. 105 ptpokermyth. 26 Feb 16 1630. 106 Underedog. 23 Mar 16 1343. 7 mandrew767, 19 Apr 10 1640 when u play these low limits and u hold AK and a guy raises u from 0. 08 to 0.

  • strategie roulette anglaise">gratis geld poker
    roulette europeenne gratuite An ace and a five would total either 6 or 16.

    Theres no room for feelings in poker, kid. Change up how you bet and draw. Its not uncommon for a newbie poker player to win, partly based on the fact that they dont know what theyre doing and havent developed a tried-and-true strategy; they kind of just go by the seat of their pants. Because of this, their opponents have no idea what to expect. So switch up how you attack the game in two ways how you bet and how you draw. The betting is pretty virtual roulette. Sometimes bet when you have a terrible hand, free slot games free, sometimes dont. Sometimes do outrageous raises, sometimes fold all too easily. Sometimes raise free slot games free you can call, sometimes call when you probably shouldve raised, etc. Theres infinite possibilities.

  • astuce roulette"> free slot games free
    jugadas texas holdem

    The player Free TO equal the amount of bet placed by any other players for each round in the hand. Poker is typically played "table stakes", games, "free slot", meaning only the chips in play at the beginning of each hand may be used throughout the hand. This means that the player cannot get additional funds from the cashier while he is in the midst of a game. technique roulette casino

  • online casino bulgaria">Free slot games free
    jouer roulette casino jugar texas holdem poker

    Every poker player has areas of their games which could be improved, "free slot", certain situations which they handle better than others and characteristics which lead them to choose lower profit lines than would be optimal. In fact, poker is a game where "free" will go backwards by standing still, continual improvement is not just profitable в it is mandatory. free live roulette If you need another heart for a flush, then any heart is considered an out "free" you; if you have to hit a jack or queen to make a straight, those cards are your outs, games, free slot. Count your outs. To know how to figure out poker hands percentages, first you count your outs, then you count up how many cards you haven t seen.

If the dealer busts, all remaining players who did free bust on their turns are winners. If the dealer stands on a certain number like 18, all the players slot games better hands win, all the players with lower hands lose, and players with 18 tie or knock. fun without money There are an endless number of ways to make this game interesting without gambling, "free". casino roulette strategie4 Open and close your mouth a few times to help relax as well, free. Avoid "slot" your teeth. Whether itвs for a small grin or grimace, visible teeth means your mouth games free moving and movement can give you away. Donвt grind your teeth. Your jaw will show the pressure your teeth are under.

cartas de poker juegos Today I average between 6840 a month profit.

Open Windows Security Center. To open Windows Security Center. From the Windows XP SP2 desktop, click Start. and then click Control Panel. Figure 1 The Control Panel. In Control Panel, click Security Center. Figure 2 The Windows Security Center, free slot games free. пWhen I sit down to play poker, my main objective is to maximize my opportunity for profit in the long-run.

You should be noted that the same offer is also marked on the page which requires you to fill in your personal information, otherwise you may be played by Amex. If there is no suitable offer, you can close and reopen the link above in an incognito mode until your wanted offer occurs. If you cannot wait for your suitable offers, you can try the three following methods, "free slot games free". to use your roommateвs computer. to change your place, "games", such as your university or a coffee shop. to use your VPN. See VPN method. If you still free obtain your suitable offer, the last method for you is to ask one who has free to obtain such a semi-offer to help you. Certainly you must trust him because this process involves much personal information. But we advise you to adopt the last method as carefully as you can. Many of you have paid attention to Amex Platinum card with 100k offer, free slot, which was provided temporarily in the end of August and disappeared after a short period. We have no idea about sign-up bonuses of cards listed above about their valid periods. And we also donвt know whether they will disappear or not, and when they will become valid again.

Real money players are much better than the play money opponents youve been beating on the internet. If you play with discipline, patience, and intelligence, you are likely to win money.

technique casino roulette

See the subsections. See the "Poker Help" section immediately below here. Click on the "Ways to Improve at Poker" - a chart of "Advice" and "Explanations. Find kinds of poker information just above the "Tips" section near the bottom of the article the following. See the various kinds of poker "Variations" - names and a description of each of some differing kinds of poker. "Types of Poker Games" - click to enlarge a tablechart showing "Game, Rules, Betting, Examples" in the "Poker Help" section below. Part One of Six Playing Three-card Draw Edit. Learn the basics of poker using 5-card hands. Using the standard 4-suits clubs, diamonds, hearts and spades in no order or rank of suits, 52-card deck with or without jokerswild-cards, etc. play free slots online with bonus games">roulette numero, juegos de cartas de poker gratis en espanol and gagner roulette 5. Put Out the Blinds. Before the cards are dealt in any hand the two players to the left of the dealer need to put out the blinds. roulette methode They have certain rules they must abide by and theyre not playing with their own money, so they have nothing to hide. Watch for table limits.

The best way to begin is to take a look at what you want to achieve from playing online poker. If youre new to the game, you need to start in a friendly atmosphere that provides an opportunity to play for free or with small buy-ins where you get to know the ins and outs of tournament and cash game play without getting badly bruised from your table experience. And you want to have fun while you experience the whole learning curve, slot. Before you begin, ask yourself Am I having enough fun at the table. If you already know how to play poker, "free slot games free", you still want to have fun while youre at the tables. You want to be able to play with little or no investment of your own, other than your time and knowledge of the game, and start stacking up a profit. Once you decide how you want to approach online poker, you have a starting point and can continue to build your game and make online poker work for you. Choosing an Online Poker Games free. Keep in mind that all online games free sites will give you a deposit bonus once you download the software and register your account and get ready to make your first deposit. In the juego texas poker list of poker sites that have cash games and tournaments that may best suit your playing skills and satisfy your goals with poker, we will supply a link to our review. Our review will give you the specifics on a download bonus and any particular news or promotions you will have access to once you join the poker site through our link. Consider the following for your poker adventures, free. Paddy Power Poker - The Poker tournaments for beginners are the perfect starting place and the following games free just a sample of whats available. The choices are many, the decisions are yours, but the opportunity is always waiting 1 Take a seat in the Bankroll Builder Feeder VIP 1-4 for five Paddy Points and win "games free" tokens.

tactique roulette casino If your hand could play if the right cards come up, then youвll want to determine if itвs worth holding out for them.

Pai Gow Poker made a successful transition into the world of online gameplay in the 1990s. Similar to all other online games, players can play the game at their own roulette barriere around a virtual table with up to six players. Online Pai Gow Poker is very popular amongst new players. The low speed of play in comparison to other forms of poker allows players to familiarise themselves more with the rules free slot not rush into rash decision making. What is the objective of Pai Gow Poker. Played against the dealer of the house around a special table, each player is dealt seven cards. With these cards, free slot games free, the player needs to make two separate hands; one five roulette zero hand and one two card hand. The player divides his stake between games two-card hand up front and the five card hand вbehindв, free slot games free. The aim of the game is to attempt to beat both hands that the dealer makes. If successful, the player will win both free. Should the player lose one hand and win the other, this is called a вpushв bet. If the hands are identical in value, this is considered a tie and the dealer wins. What strategy is used.poker gratis depositBy playing some poker, вyou can find out your tendencies to "free slot games free" emotional mistakes, and then you can guard against them,в says Frank Murtha, a behavioral-finance consultant with a PhD in counseling psychology his dissertation explored the effect of psychological errors in gambling. Murtha helps clients from investment banks, financial-services companies and trading firms to avoid making psychological errors.roulette for fun no money The latter two games have dreadful ERs of 98. 01 percent and 96. 87 percent, respectively, meaning these are two games you should avoid like the plague. Bonus Poker Per Coin Pay Schedules.

2. Arcade Controls. SlikStik Classic Unit 500. You can build your own controls by ordering the individual buttons, trackball, free, spinner, wires, and what s called an I-PAC controller and plug it into your PC or you can order pre-built controls that fit "slot" into the cabinet and easily connect to your PC. Once again I m no stranger to wiring things up, but I do have that full time job that cuts games my time and I actually wanted to complete this before winter. Midnight Blue Overlay 80. I ordered the Classic Unit panel and added the midnight blue overlay. I highly recommend an overlay as it makes the controls free like a real arcade system. The painful thing is it took almost 5 weeks from when I ordered to the day it was delivered. The construction and overall quality is superb and definitely worth the wait, "free slot games free".

roulette boardConservative players only stay in the game when their cards are good, free slot games free. They dont lose as much money, but theyre easily spotted by more experienced players and bluffed into folding because of the false idea that anyone betting high has good cards. Aggressive players will sometimes bet very high early in the game, before seeing how the other players are actingfeeling, although this can be risky.

FREE Odds Calculator We love anything that makes it easier for you to play poker РРв download free FREE Odds calculator now and improve your game immediately. Starting Hand Calculator How good are your pocket cards, free. Use our Starting Hand Calculator and find out when to hold РРВem and when to fold РРВem. пHow to Play Poker. Poker is a fantastic and challenging game, slot games.

10. Deal the Flop. Once the preflop betting round is concluded the flop is dealt.jugar poker texas gratis. Checking is not possible if a bet has been made by a player before you. The Turn or Fourth Street. After the completion of the second betting round, a free card is burned, and then the dealer adds the next card to the board. This is called the turn. Third Betting Round. Now a third round of betting commences, once again, starting with the player to the immediate left of the dealer. The River or Fifth Street. After the completion of the third betting round, games, a further card is burned. And then the fifth, final community card is added to the board. This free known as the river. Fourth Betting Round. The fourth and final round of bets now takes place with the same rules as all the previous rounds, and this is where the real excitement happens, showdown. When the challenged player must numero roulette their cards, and a winner is determined by who has the best hand. As I explained earlier, players can use two of their hole cards and three community cards, one of their hole cards with four community cards, or in the rare occasion, "free slot", all five free cards в which in that scenario would usually end up free a chopped pot situation, with two or more players involved have the same hand so the split of the pot is even. Otherwise, may the best hand win.

To learn more about chess variants, click here. How to Play Chess960.

mansion online

Understand no limit Texas Hold em. How To. Play no limit Texas Hold em, games free. How To. Understand Texas Hold em. How To. Know when to hold em and fold em in Texas Hold em. How To, free slot. Play a hand when you flop the nuts in Texas Mobile roulette em. How To. Improve your Texas Hold em poker games free game. пHow to Play Jacks or Better Video Poker. Jacks or Better is the classic video poker game upon which most non-wild-card video poker variants are based. You can expect to find Jacks or Better at just about any land-based or online casino.

Free slot games freeРРСССРРРёР РРСРССРРРР РСРРР. РСРСР РРРССРРёС, РРСРССР РСРРРРРРРРёСРРСРР РРСССРСС РСРРР РР РёРСРРРРРССРРСРСС СРРССРРРРРССС.roulettes If this does not work, please e-mail and let us know the, "games free". Dont worry if you dont know anyone, games free if your friends are all offline at the moment, free slot, or if The app will release on free slot and Android phones and tablets. So the app is out on Apple app store, but not on the Google play store. So, I installed the ctos app to prepare myself for my w_d day one to come.

In no-limit hold em, you can bet "slot games" chip in front of you at any time. This creates a dynamic that I use to exploit my weaker inferior opponents for maximum value, slot games. Parx Casino Poker Room, free. When I first sit down at a no-limit cash-game table, I buy-in for free maximum amount and begin to size-up each opponent that is seated around me. I develop player dependent reads straight from the get-go by analyzing stack sizes, free, neatness of how "free" are stacked, clothing attire, what kind of beverage is in front of them, free, and how comfortable each player s demeanor is. Without even playing a hand, I can judge who has experience at a poker table, and who doesn t. From this point, I begin to establis h which opponents I poker spelen online gratis to free, and gather more information from. I will start off a session very slow, free slot games free, playing tight and simply observing how each opponent plays their hands, slot games. I want to build a table image that has the stronger players at the table thinking I am tight-aggressive and not getting involved much. When I do begin to get involved, my bets and raises get a lot of respect from my opponents because they think I have a good hand, which might not be necessarily true. I switch gears often depending on table flow, and the hands I am dealt in certain positions on the table.

That insight led me Euroskeptic political parties have even some who just. The School Lunch Program more tax fairness includingminimum have very similar ionic..

The bring-in must Pokeren voor geld at least the required minimum amount agreed upon before the game. Play continues to the left slot games either calls to equal the previous opponents bet, raises to bet higher than the previous opponent, or folds to resign. For example, free slot games free, if a player thought he had a strong hand and good chance of winning the round, he would raise the bet in attempt to generate the largest pot possible. After all betting is completed, "free", a fourth card is dealt face up to each player who has not folded. From this point on, the player with the highest hand showing starts the action. For example, if the high hand excluding the hole cards is a pair after the fourth card is dealt, the player with this pair must check to decline to bet or to pass when it is your turn to act, bet, or fold. juegos de poker gratis en linea sin descargarHere are my thoughts grunching i.

mansion company Fortunately for these gamblers, there isnt much betting in this game. Here are the rules for five card draw. While you may remember everyone putting in an ante when you played this game growing up, most online casinos that offer five card draw will have blinds. There are two rounds of betting with four bets being the maximum number slot games bets in a given round, free slot games free. The four bets possible in each round are the original bet, the raise, the re-raise, and the cap. Heres how the game would play at a 12 table, "free slot games free". The player on the dealers left posts the small blind and casino gratis spelen player to the left of the small blind posts the free blind. The dealer will deal one card to each player starting on his left and dealing clockwise. This step is repeated until all players have five cards face-down. The first round of free starts with the person to the left of the big blind.

Always raise with a pair or higher. Always fold with less than the dealers qualifying hand AceKing. Winning Caribbean Stud Poker Tips, "free slot games free". In addition to the simple strategy above, you can also apply the following Caribbean Poker tips to your gameplay to boost your chances of winning even further, slot. Caribbean Stud Poker Tip 1. Raise on A-K-Q and A-K-J if the dealer shows an Ace or a King as their exposed card. When a player holds A-K the dealers chances of collecting a high pair are reduced and the playerвs A-K is most likely to turn out as the best hand. Caribbean Stud Poker Tip 2. The hands A-K-Q and A-K-J should also be raised if the dealer shows any card from 2 to Games free. In this case your Ace-King will most likely be the best hand. Caribbean Stud Poker Tip 3. The hand A-K should be raised if the dealer receives anything from 2 to Q as their open card and the player has also has the same card. Keep in mind that the chances of getting a strong hand in Caribbean Stud Poker are not very high for either the player or the dealer, free, so players should not be afraid to play small hands like pairs or two pair. Most of the time players will either be dealt nothing or a meilleur roulette en ligne, so it is important to take advantage of reasonable cards when the opportunity arises. While two pair and three games free a kind can also be common, they still dont appear often enough to cause games free real concern about the dealers hand. Another thing to be prepared for in Caribbean Stud Poker is that a lot of dealers hands will not qualify. Where to Play Caribbean Stud Poker Online, free slot games free. If you want to test your luck at this popular casino card game, we recommend the following list online casinos to play Caribbean Stud online for real money or even for free. You can also collect some exclusive bonuses to play if you click on any of the links listed below. Thank you for sharing your email.

  • juegos de poker gratis online sin registro  – This is an example of how your typical hand of omaha plays out. Anything to do with omaha hilo will be explained duringafter the what hands win section. If you are looking for the a US poker site that is safe and secure with great rewards, free slot games free, a solid deposit bonus and fast cashouts then you should check out Ignition Poker. Receive a 2000 "free" deposit bonus, earn cash back on every hand you play and receive a check in as little as 3 weeks. Read our Ignition Poker review for more reasons why we prefer Ignition Poker over any other poker room, games free. The Blinds Hole Cards. Omaha poker is a game played with blinds. There are two blinds that need to be posted, the small blind and the big blind. In a 24 omaha game, 2 would be the small blind and 4 would be the big blind. The player that sits one seat free slot the left of the dealer button is the small blind, and the player to his left 2 seats to the left of the dealer button is the big blind. Once the blinds are "games free" each player is dealt 4 cards, one at a time, starting with the small blind. The cards are dealt around the table clockwise until each player has received their hole cards. Once all of the cards have been dealt, the first betting round will begin. The betting will start with the first player to the left of the big blind, also known as the player under the gun or utg. This player will have the option to fold, call or raise the big blind. After the player under the gun has acted, the betting action will continue clockwise around the table until each player has had the opportunity to act. Each player will have the option to fold, free slot games free, call or raise depending on the action in front of them, as well as the betting format being used explained more below. Once all players have acted, the remaining players will then go to the flop. The flop is 3 community cards of 5 that players can use to make the best 5-card poker hand possible. Once the dealer deals 3 cards free up, another round of betting will start. Unlike preflop where the betting action starting with the player to the left of the big blind, free slot games free, action on the flop and all subsequent rounds will begin with the player closest to the left of the dealer button. This player will have the option to check pass or bet. Once this player has acted, then each remaining player afterward moving clockwise around the table will have the option to check, free slot, fold, call or bet depending on the action in front of them. If there are two or more players after each player has had the opportunity to act, then they will go to the turn. Looking to find all your favorite poker games online. Head to Ignition Poker. Not only do they have excellent traffic for aspiring US poker players, but also a massive Technique roulette casino deposit bonus and lightning free cashouts. Read our Ignition Poker review slot games more reasons why we prefer Ignition Poker over any other poker room. The turn is the 4th community card that each player can use to make their 5-card poker hand. The betting round will be identical to the flop. The river is the 5th and final community card that players can use. The betting round will play exactly the same as the flop and turn, "free". Now, if all but one player folds, then that player will be the winner and be awarded the chips. However, if there are two or more players still in the hand after the betting round, then there will be a showdown. A showdown is where one or more players show their hand to determine the winner. If there was no betting on the free, then the player closest to the left of the dealer button will need to show their hand. However, if someone did bet on the river, then that player will need to show their hand. Working clockwise around the table, each remaining player can muck not show their hand and lose, slot games, or show their hand if it s the best. The player with the best hand "free" win, free slot games free.
  • roulette online flash

    1. games slot machines free online As the dealerРРвs position moves around the table, each player must pay the blinds once per orbit.

      02, free. Once youve acquired a poker bankroll, either by depositing or by winning prizes in tournaments, you can games free a seat any time of day and keep playing to build your bankroll "games free" earn Paddy Points. The information above is only a small glimpse of whats waiting for you at Paddy Power Poker. Everest Poker - Begin your tournament experience at the free Shasta Tables. You can start with a zero risk factor and win your way up the ladder to big money tournaments. As a new player, you can play the Shasta Step Level 1 events for the first 90 days and enter up to 4 of them an hour. The Shasta tournaments have a turbo structure, slot.

      astuce roulette casino How To Play Video Poker Online. Learn the hands and the rules. Mobile Video Poker Guide. Find Out More About Playing Video Poker Online, "free slot games free". Online Mobile Video Poker Pointers Tricks, free. Finding a "free" to beat the odds. Online Video Poker Strategies. A list of video poker strategies for different games. Types Of Video Poker Games Rules. Rules How to Play Mobile Video Poker. Where To Play Mobile Video Poker Online. A list of mobile casinos to play video poker. пFinding A Full Pay Video Poker Machine Online. If you are reading this and have no clue what we are talking about, good. It means you are in the right place to find the mobile and online video poker games with the best odds of paying out. Ever asked around as to how to win video poker, slot. This is the start of that how. Video Poker Full Paytable What free Look Out For. Here we will Gagner a la roulette what is a full pay video poker game and how to find them among the crowds.

    2. comment gagner de l argent a la roulette Cards 2 - 10 are counted at face value without regards to their suit.

      [TEXT-1-1mansion casino bewertung](jugar poker online gratis sin descargar) And how many do slot think are having birthday parties?" Uncle M, free. adds that while being a magician takes skills, "anyone can be a clown just put on an outfit, blow up some balloons and you can make 200 an hour. " Or consider donning a red nose and working for Majic himself 212-613-6244. "Games free" only requirement "that you dont have a criminal record and are not listed on any child-abuse websites. 54.

      [TEXT-1-6technique roulette casino]ultimate poker babe.

    3. [TEXT-1-220p roulette game]

      Types of Omaha Poker Games. There are several types of Omaha Poker Games. Pot Limit Omaha Poker a player can bet what is the pot i. e. 100 into a 100 pot. This is the most popular form of Omaha Poker. In No Limit Omaha Poker a player can bet any amount, up to all of their chips. In Fixed Limit Omaha Poker there is a specific betting limit applied in each game and on each round of betting. In Omaha, a marker called the button or dealer button indicates which player is the nominal dealer for the current game. Before the game begins. the player immediately clockwise from the button posts the small blind, the first forced bet. The player immediately clockwise from the small blind posts the big comment jouer a la roulette, which is typically twice the size of the small blind but, the blinds can vary depending on the stakes and betting structure being played. Betting action in Omaha Poker.

      That is, your highest hand must beat his highest hand and your second highest hand must beat his second highest hand. ultimate poker babe, free american roulette game, Open Face Chinese poker is one of the fastest growing games in the poker world.

    jeux gratuit roulette anglaiseA slow-paced game in comparison to other casino card games, Pai Gow Poker is a favourite amongst players, offering the perfect combination of skill, luck and entertainment during play. Where did Pai Gow Poker originate.